Lejoly J, Quideau S, Laganiere J, Karst J, Martineau C, Norris C, Samad A.  Earth worm invaded boreal forest soils harbor distinct microbial communities. SOILS 9(2): 461-478.

Karst J, Jones M, Hoeksema J. Positive citation bias and overinterpreted results lead to misinformation on common mycorrhizal networks in forests. Nature Ecology & Evolution

Birch, J, Lutz JA, Miesel JR, Karst J. Large-diameter trees and deadwood correspond with belowground ectomycorrhizal fungal richness. Ecological Processes


Birch J, Chikamoto Y, DeRose R, Manvailer V, Hogg E, Karst J, Love D, Lutz J. Frost-associated defoliation in Populus tremuloides causes repeated growth reductions over 185 years. Ecosystems

Bennett J, Franklin J, Karst J. Plant-soil feedbacks persist following tree death, reducing survival and growth of Populus tremuloides seedlings. Plant and Soil

Hesketh A, Loesberg J, Bledsoe E, Karst J, Macdonald E. Seasonal and annual dynamics of western Canadian boreal forest plant communities: a legacy dataset spanning four decades. Ecology e3805

Rodriguez-Ramos J, Cale J, Cahill J, Erbilgin N, Karst J. Soil transfers from intact to disturbed boreal forests neither alter ectomycorrhizal fungal communities nor improve pine seedling performance. Journal of Applied Ecology

Birch J, Lutz J; Karst J. Dancing with Douglas-fir: Determinism dominates fungal community assembly processes. Journal of Ecology 110: 1857–1870

Wasyliw J*, Fellrath E*,  Pec G,  Cale J, Franklin J, Thomasson C, Erbilgin N, Karst J. Soil inoculation of lodgepole pine seedlings alters root-associated fungal communities but does not improve seedling performance in beetle-killed pine stands. Restoration Ecology *these authors contributed equally


Cale J, Scott N, Pec G, Landhausser S, Karst J. 2021. Choices on sampling, sequencing, and analyzing DNA influence the estimation of community composition of plant fungal symbionts. Applications in Plant Sciences

Karst J, Wasyliw J, Birch JD, Franklin J, Chang SX, Erbilgin N. Long-term nitrogen addition does not sustain host tree stem radial growth but doubles the abundance of high-biomass ectomycorrhizal fungi. Global Change Biology

Birch J, Lutz J, Turner B, Karst J. Divergent, age-associated fungal communities of Pinus flexilis and Pinus longaeva. Forest Ecology and Management

Karst J, Franklin J,  Simeon A,  Light A, Bennett JA, Erbilgin N.  Assessing the dual-mycorrhizal status of a widespread tree species as a model for studies on stand biogeochemistry. Mycorrhiza

Wu Y, Kwak J, Karst J, Ni M, Yan Y, Lv X, Xu J, Chang S.  Long-term nitrogen and sulfur deposition increased root-associated pathogen diversity and changed mutualistic fungal diversity in a boreal forest. Soil Biology and Biochemistry


La Flèche M, Cuss CW, Noernberg T, Shotyk W, Karst J. Trace metals as indicators of tree rooting in bituminous soils.  Land Degradation & Development

Birch J, Beiler K, Simard S, Karst J.  2020.  Beyond seedlings: ectomycorrhizal fungal networks and growth of mature Pseudotsuga menziesii. Journal of Ecology 

Wasyliw J, Karst J. 2020. Shifts in ectomycorrhizal exploration types parallel leaf and fine root area with forest age. Journal of Ecology  

Rodriguez-Ramos J, Cale J, Cahill J, Simard S,  Karst J*, Erbilgin N*. 2020. Changes in soil fungal community composition depend on functional group and forest disturbance type.  New Phytologist *these authors contributed equally

Beck J, Cale J, Rodriguez-Ramos J, Kanekar S, Karst J, Cahill J, Simard S, Erbilgin N. 2020. Changes in soil fungal communities following anthropogenic disturbance are linked to decreased lodgepole pine seedling performance. Journal of Applied Ecology 

Pec G, Simard S, Cahill J, Karst J. 2020. The effects of ectomycorrhizal fungal networks on seedling establishment are contingent on species and severity of overstorey mortality. Mycorrhiza 30:173-183


Birch JD, Lutz J, Simard S, Pelletier R, LaRoi G, Karst J. 2019. Density-dependent processes fluctuate over 50 years in an ecotone forest.  Oecologia

Pec G, Scott N, Hupperts S, Hankin S, Landhäusser S, Karst J. 2019. Restoration of belowground fungal communities in reclaimed landscapes of the Canadian boreal forest. Restoration Ecology

Birch JD, Lutz JA, Hogg EH, Simard SW, Pelletier R, LaRoi GH, Karst J. 2019. Decline of an ecotone forest: 50 years of demography in the southern boreal forest. Ecosphere

Metzler P, La Flèche M, Karst J.  2019. Expanding and testing fluorescent amplified fragment length polymorphisms for identifying roots of boreal forest plant species. Applications in Plant Sciences

Zwiazek J, Equiza M, Karst J, Senorans J, Wartenbe M, Calvo Polanco M. 2019. Role of urban ectomycorrhizal fungi in improving the tolerance of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) seedlings to salt stress. Mycorrhiza

Bennett A, Preedy K, Golubski A, Umbanhowar J, Borrett S, Byrne L, Apostol K, BeverJ, Biederman L, Classen A, Cuddington K, de Graaff M, Garrett K, Gross L, Hastings A, Hoeksema J, Hrynkiv V, Karst J, Kummel M, Lee C, Liang C, Liao W, Mack K, MillerL, Ownley B, RojasC, SimmsE, WalshV, Warren M, Zhu J. 2019. Beyond the Black Box: Promoting mathematical collaborations for elucidating interactions in soil ecology. Ecosphere 


Karst J, Burns C, Cale J, Antunes P, Woods MJ, Lamit LJ, Hoeksema JD, Zabinski C, Gehring C, LaFleche M, Rua MA. 2018. Tree species with limited geographical ranges show extreme responses to ectomycorrhizas. Global Ecology and Biogeography

Scott N, Karst J, Pec G, Landhäusser S. Additive or synergistic? Early ectomycorrhizal fungal community response to mixed tree plantings in boreal forest restoration. Oecologia

Dhar A, Comeau P,  Karst J , Pinno B, Chang S, Naeth M, Vassov R, Bampfylde C. Plant community development following reclamation of oil sands mine sites in the boreal forest: a review.  Environmental Reviews


Rua MA, Lamit LJ, Gehring C, Antunes P, Hoeksema JD, Zabinski C, Karst J, Burns C, Woods MJ. 2017. Accounting for local adaptation in ectomycorrhizas: a call to track geographical origin of plants, fungi, and soils in experiments. Mycorrhiza


Karst J, Gaster J, Wiley E, Landhäusser S. 2016. Stress differentially causes roots of tree seedlings to exude carbon. Tree Physiology

Pec G, Karst J, Taylor DL, Cigan P, Erbilgin N, Cooke J, Simard S, Cahill J. 2016. Change in soil fungal community structure driven by a decline in ectomycorrhizal fungi following a mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) outbreak. New Phytologist

Cahill J, Cale J, Karst J, Bao T, Pec G, Erbilgin N. 2016. No silver bullet: different soil handling techniques are useful for different research questions, exhibit differential type I and II error rates, and are sensitive to sampling intensity. New Phytologist

Hupperts S, Karst J, Pritsch K, Landhäusser S. 2016. Host phenology and potential saprotrophism of ectomycorrhizal fungi in the boreal forest. Functional Ecology

Rúa M et al. 2016. Home-field advantage? evidence of local adaptation among plants, soil, and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi through meta-analysis. BMC Evolutionary Biology

Chaudhary VB,  et al. 2016. MycoDB, a global database of plant response to mycorrhizal fungi. Scientific Data


Gaster J, Karst J, Landhäusser S. 2015. The role of seedling nutrient status on development of ectomycorrhizal fungal communities in two soil types following surface mining disturbance. Pedobiologia 58: 129-135

Karst J*, Chow P*,  Landhäusser S. 2015. Biases underlying species detection using fluorescent amplified-fragment length polymorphisms yielded from roots.. Plant Methods DOI 10.1186/s13007-015-0079-1 * These authors contributed equally

Karst J*, Erbilgin N*, Pec GJ, Cigan PW, Najar A, Simard SW, Cahill JF. 2015. Ectomycorrhizal fungi mediate indirect effects of a bark beetle outbreak on secondary chemistry and establishment of pine seedlings. New Phytologist  * these authors contributed equally

Abbott K, Karst J, Biederman L, Borett S, Hastings A, Walsh V, Miller L, Bever JD. 2015. Spatial heterogeneity in soil microbes alters outcomes of plant competition. PLoS One 10: DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0125788

Pec GJ, Karst J, Sywenky A, Cigan PW, Erbilgin N, Simard SS, Cahill JF, Jr. 2015. Rapid increases in forest understory diversity and productivity following a mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) outbreak. PLoS One DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0124691

Hankin S, Karst J, Landhäusser SM. 2015. Influence of tree species and salvaged soils on the recovery of ectomycorrhizal fungi in upland boreal forest restoration after surface mining. Botany 93: 267-277

Cigan PW, Karst J, Cahill JF, Jr., Sywenky A, Pec GJ, Erbilgin N. 2015. Influence of bark beetle outbreaks on nutrient cycling in pine stands in western Canada. Plant and Soil 390: 29-47


Karst J, Randall M, Gehring CA. 2014. Consequences for ectomycorrhizal fungi of the selective loss or gain of pine across landscapes. Botany 92: 855-865

Randall M, Karst J, Pec G, Davis C, Hall J, Cahill JF, Jr. 2014. A molecular identification protocol for roots of boreal forest tree species. Applications in Plant Sciences DOI:

Treu R*, Karst J*, Randall M, Pec GJ, Cigan P, Simard S, Cooke J, Erbilgin N, Cahill JF. 2014. Decline of ectomycorrhizal fungi following a mountain pine beetle epidemic. Ecology 95: 1096-1103. * these authors contributed equally

Schott K, Karst J, Landhäusser SM. 2014. The role of microsite conditions in restoring trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) from seed. Restoration Ecology 22: 292-295

Karst J,  Landhäusser SM. 2014. Low soil temperatures increase carbon reserves in Picea mariana and Pinus contorta. Annals of Forest Science 71: 371-380


Karst J, Piculell B, Brigham C, Booth M, Hoeksema J. 2013. The community structure of soil fungi along a vegetative ecotone. Mycologia 105: 61-70


Karst J, Belter P, Bennett J, Cahill J. 2012. Context-dependence in foraging behavior of Achillea millefolium. Oceologia 170: 925-933

White S, Bork E, Karst J, Cahill, JF. 2012. Similarity between grassland vegetation and seed bank shifts with altered precipitation and cutting, but not warming. Community Ecology 13: 129-136

Cameron E, Zabrodski M, Karst J, Bayne E. 2012. Non-native earthworm influences on ectomycorrhizal colonization and growth of white spruce. Ecoscience 19: 29-37

2011 and earlier

Karst J, Hoeksema JD, Jones MD, Turkington R. 2011. Parsing the roles of abiotic and biotic factors in Douglas-fir seedling growth. Pedobiologia 54: 273-280

Hoeksema JD, *Chaudhary VB, *Gehring CA, *Collins Johnson N, *Karst J, *Koide RT, *Pringle A, *Zabinski C, †Bever J, †Moore JC, †Wilson GWT, Klironomos J, Umbanhowar J. 2010. Context-dependency in plant response to mycorrhizal fungi: a meta-analysis. Ecology Letters 13: 394-407 * These authors contributed equally and are listed in alphabetical order † These authors contributed equally and are listed in alphabetical order

Karst J, Jones MD and Turkington R. 2009. Ectomycorrhizal colonization and intraspecific variation in height of lodgepole pine. Plant Ecology 200: 161-165

Karst J, Marczak LB, Jones MD and Turkington R. 2008. The mutualism-parasitism continuum in ectomycorrhizas: a quantitative assessment using meta-analysis. Ecology 89:102-42

Teste F*, Karst J*, Jones MD, Simard S and Durall D. 2006. Methods to control ectomycorrhizal colonization: effectiveness of chemical and physical barriers. Mycorrhiza 17: 51-65 * these authors contributed equally

Karst J*, Gilbert B* and Lechowicz MJ. 2005. Fern community assembly: The roles of chance and the environment at local and intermediate scales.  Ecology 86: 2473-2486 * these authors contributed equally

Weber A, Karst J, Gilbert B, Kimmins JP. 2005. Thuja plicata exclusion in ectomycorrhiza-dominated forests: testing the role of inoculum potential of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Oecologia 143:148-156