Rodriguez-Ramos J, Cale J, Cahill J, Simard S,  Karst J*, Erbilgin N*. 2020. Changes in soil fungal community composition depend on functional group and forest disturbance type. Accepted by New Phytologist *these authors contributed equally

Beck J, Cale J, Rodriguez-Ramos J, Kanekar S, Karst J, Cahill J, Simard S, Erbilgin N. 2020. Changes in soil fungal communities following anthropogenic disturbance are linked to decreased lodgepole pine seedling performance. Journal of Applied Ecology Early View

Pec G, Simard S, Cahill J, Karst J. 2020. The effects of ectomycorrhizal fungal networks on seedling establishment are contingent on species and severity of overstorey mortality. Mycorrhiza 30:173-183


Birch JD, Lutz J, Simard S, Pelletier R, LaRoi G, Karst J. 2019. Density-dependent processes fluctuate over 50 years in an ecotone forest.  Oecologia

Pec G, Scott N, Hupperts S, Hankin S, Landhäusser S, Karst J. 2019. Restoration of belowground fungal communities in reclaimed landscapes of the Canadian boreal forest. Restoration Ecology

Birch JD, Lutz JA, Hogg EH, Simard SW, Pelletier R, LaRoi GH, Karst J. 2019. Decline of an ecotone forest: 50 years of demography in the southern boreal forest. Ecosphere

Metzler P, La Flèche M, Karst J.  2019. Expanding and testing fluorescent amplified fragment length polymorphisms for identifying roots of boreal forest plant species. Applications in Plant Sciences

Zwiazek J, Equiza M, Karst J, Senorans J, Wartenbe M, Calvo Polanco M. 2019. Role of urban ectomycorrhizal fungi in improving the tolerance of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) seedlings to salt stress. Mycorrhiza

Bennett A, Preedy K, Golubski A, Umbanhowar J, Borrett S, Byrne L, Apostol K, BeverJ, Biederman L, Classen A, Cuddington K, de Graaff M, Garrett K, Gross L, Hastings A, Hoeksema J, Hrynkiv V, Karst J, Kummel M, Lee C, Liang C, Liao W, Mack K, MillerL, Ownley B, RojasC, SimmsE, WalshV, Warren M, Zhu J. 2019. Beyond the Black Box: Promoting mathematical collaborations for elucidating interactions in soil ecology. Ecosphere 10(7): e02799. 10.1002/ecs2.2799


Karst J, Burns C, Cale J, Antunes P, Woods MJ, Lamit LJ, Hoeksema JD, Zabinski C, Gehring C, LaFleche M, Rua MA. 2018. Tree species with limited geographical ranges show extreme responses to ectomycorrhizas. Global Ecology and Biogeography

Natalie Scott, Justine Karst, Gregory J. Pec and Simon M. Landhäusser. Additive or synergistic? Early ectomycorrhizal fungal community response to mixed tree plantings in boreal forest restoration. Oecologia

Amalesh Dhar, Philip G. Comeau , Justine Karst , Bradley D. Pinno, Scott Chang, M. Anne Naeth, Robert Vassov, and Caroline Bampfylde. Plant community development following reclamation of oil sands mine sites in the boreal forest: a review.  Environmental Reviews


Rua MA, Lamit LJ, Gehring C, Antunes P, Hoeksema JD, Zabinski C, Karst J, Burns C, Woods MJ. 2017. Accounting for local adaptation in ectomycorrhizas: a call to track geographical origin of plants, fungi, and soils in experiments. Mycorrhiza


Karst J, Gaster J, Wiley E, Landhäusser S. 2016. Stress differentially causes roots of tree seedlings to exude carbon. Tree Physiology

Pec G, Karst J, Taylor DL, Cigan P, Erbilgin N, Cooke J, Simard S, Cahill J. 2016. Change in soil fungal community structure driven by a decline in ectomycorrhizal fungi following a mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) outbreak. New Phytologist

Cahill J, Cale J, Karst J, Bao T, Pec G, Erbilgin N. 2016. No silver bullet: different soil handling techniques are useful for different research questions, exhibit differential type I and II error rates, and are sensitive to sampling intensity. New Phytologist

Hupperts S, Karst J, Pritsch K, Landhäusser S. 2016. Host phenology and potential saprotrophism of ectomycorrhizal fungi in the boreal forest. Functional Ecology

Rúa M et al. 2016. Home-field advantage? evidence of local adaptation among plants, soil, and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi through meta-analysis. BMC Evolutionary Biology

V. Bala Chaudhary et al. 2016. MycoDB, a global database of plant response to mycorrhizal fungi. Scientific Data


Gaster J, Karst J, Landhäusser SM. 2015. The role of seedling nutrient status on development of ectomycorrhizal fungal communities in two soil types following surface mining disturbance. Pedobiologia 58: 129-135

Karst J*, Chow P* and Simon M. Landhäusser. 2015. Biases underlying species detection using fluorescent amplified-fragment length polymorphisms yielded from roots.. Plant Methods DOI 10.1186/s13007-015-0079-1 * These authors contributed equally

Karst J*, Erbilgin N*, Pec GJ, Cigan PW, Najar A, Simard SW, Cahill JF. 2015. Ectomycorrhizal fungi mediate indirect effects of a bark beetle outbreak on secondary chemistry and establishment of pine seedlings. New Phytologist  * these authors contributed equally

Abbott K, Karst J, Biederman L, Borett S, Hastings A, Walsh V, Miller L, Bever JD. 2015. Spatial heterogeneity in soil microbes alters outcomes of plant competition. PLoS One 10: DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0125788

Pec GJ, Karst J, Sywenky A, Cigan PW, Erbilgin N, Simard SS, and Cahill JF, Jr. 2015. Rapid increases in forest understory diversity and productivity following a mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) outbreak. PLoS One DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0124691

Hankin S, Karst J, Landhäusser SM. 2015. Influence of tree species and salvaged soils on the recovery of ectomycorrhizal fungi in upland boreal forest restoration after surface mining. Botany 93: 267-277

Cigan PW, Karst J, Cahill JF, Jr., Sywenky A, Pec GJ, Erbilgin N. 2015. Influence of bark beetle outbreaks on nutrient cycling in pine stands in western Canada. Plant and Soil 390: 29-47


Karst J, Randall M, Gehring CA. 2014. Consequences for ectomycorrhizal fungi of the selective loss or gain of pine across landscapes. Botany 92: 855-865

Randall M, Karst J, Pec G, Davis C, Hall J, Cahill JF, Jr. 2014. A molecular identification protocol for roots of boreal forest tree species. Applications in Plant Sciences DOI:

Treu R*, Karst J*, Randall M, Pec GJ, Cigan P, Simard S, Cooke J, Erbilgin N, Cahill JF. 2014. Decline of ectomycorrhizal fungi following a mountain pine beetle epidemic. Ecology 95: 1096-1103. * these authors contributed equally

Schott K, Karst J, Landhäusser SM. 2014. The role of microsite conditions in restoring trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) from seed. Restoration Ecology 22: 292-295

Karst J and Landhäusser SM. 2014. Low soil temperatures increase carbon reserves in Picea mariana and Pinus contorta. Annals of Forest Science 71: 371-380


Karst J, Piculell B, Brigham C, Booth M, Hoeksema J. 2013. The community structure of soil fungi along a vegetative ecotone. Mycologia 105: 61-70


Karst J, Belter P, Bennett J, Cahill J. 2012. Context-dependence in foraging behavior of Achillea millefolium. Oceologia 170: 925-933

White S, Bork E, Karst J, Cahill, JF. 2012. Similarity between grassland vegetation and seed bank shifts with altered precipitation and cutting, but not warming. Community Ecology 13: 129-136

Cameron E, Zabrodski M, Karst J, Bayne E. 2012. Non-native earthworm influences on ectomycorrhizal colonization and growth of white spruce. Ecoscience 19: 29-37

2011 and earlier

Karst J, Hoeksema JD, Jones MD, Turkington R. 2011. Parsing the roles of abiotic and biotic factors in Douglas-fir seedling growth. Pedobiologia 54: 273-280

Hoeksema JD, *Chaudhary VB, *Gehring CA, *Collins Johnson N, *Karst J, *Koide RT, *Pringle A, *Zabinski C, †Bever J, †Moore JC, †Wilson GWT, Klironomos J, Umbanhowar J. 2010. Context-dependency in plant response to mycorrhizal fungi: a meta-analysis. Ecology Letters 13: 394-407 * These authors contributed equally and are listed in alphabetical order † These authors contributed equally and are listed in alphabetical order

Karst J, Jones MD and Turkington R. 2009. Ectomycorrhizal colonization and intraspecific variation in height of lodgepole pine. Plant Ecology 200: 161-165

Karst J, Marczak LB, Jones MD and Turkington R. 2008. The mutualism-parasitism continuum in ectomycorrhizas: a quantitative assessment using meta-analysis. Ecology 89:102-42

Teste F*, Karst J*, Jones MD, Simard S and Durall D. 2006. Methods to control ectomycorrhizal colonization: effectiveness of chemical and physical barriers. Mycorrhiza 17: 51-65 * these authors contributed equally

Karst J*, Gilbert B* and Lechowicz MJ. 2005. Fern community assembly: The roles of chance and the environment at local and intermediate scales.  Ecology 86: 2473-2486 * these authors contributed equally

Weber A, Karst J, Gilbert B and Kimmins JP. 2005. Thuja plicata exclusion in ectomycorrhiza-dominated forests: testing the role of inoculum potential of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Oecologia 143:148-156